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Kottakkal Murals

Venkatta Tevar Siva Temple in Kottakkal, is situated near Kozhikkode town of Kerala, has around forty beautiful mural paintings depicting scenes from scriptures and epics.
History:  There are no regular chronological records about the history of this temple. However there are some legends about the same. A famous saint did thapas and it is believed that God appeared and granted him the boon that his divine presence would always be in that region. It was that saint who later on installed the deity and built the temple. 

Due to neglect in later years, the Deity was under destruction. Later it was noticed by people that cows at a particular spot were giving bulky amount of milk compared to other places. This strange fact surprised people and made them dug up the place. Surprisingly, they found a Sivalinga, which was reported to the then king of the place (Valluvakonathiri). The emperor then built this temple. At around 1200 AD, Samoothiri conquered Kottakkal and then after the temple was looked after by Kizhakke Kovilakam (Kottakkal).

Later, the Sultans of Mysore (Hyder and Tipu) conquered the land and again the temple became abandoned. In due time the British won their battle with Tipu and the temple was again handed over to Kizhakke Kovilakam. There is a mention about the temple in ‘Suka Sandesam’, one of the hystorical epics. The temple is stated as Swetha Durgam in that text. It means White Fort (Venn Kotta) in the local language, malayalam. Kottakkal was called ‘Venkatta Kotta’ during those days. In any case, it is assumed that the temple must be more than 1000 years old.

There is something very special about the temple and that is the clear paintings of the Gods and Goddesses on the walls of the Sreekovil. The two great artists drew these pictures: Elannumadhathil Sankaran Nair (disciple of Poonthanam Krishna Pisharoty); and Arangotte Bharatha Pisharoty (disciple of Elannumadhathil Sankaran Nair). There are rare pictures among them: Karthiviryarjunan, Sree Rama on Anantha Sayanam, Pakshi Durga. The Mukha mandapam of the temple was renovated by Dr P.S.Varier (of Arya Vaidya Sala) in the year 1929. In 1998 Utsava and Kalasam also took place. Before the Utsava, the arecanut trunk was removed and a new flag mast was installed. The entire cost was born by Sree Kumara Varier who is an admired citizen of the locality.

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